|European Union Resources|
Direct links to EU material can be found in the special section below: "Finding Law in EU".
Renumbering/equivalences tables of E.U. Treaties (from Appendix 4 in 2nd edition).
A lot of information with direct links can be found below in the special section: "Finding Law in EU".
An old (2000) - written before the Lisbon Treaty - "ABC of Community Law" (in PDF) by Dr Klaus-Dieter Borchardt (EU 2000).
Other booklet - also written before the Lisbon Treaty are: "How the European Union Works: Your Guide to the EU Institutions" (European Commission, 2007) & "The European Union: A Guide for Americans" (Delegation of the European Commission to the USA, 2009).
The two main pages on the E.U. website-system that in general give access to the most common information (in English or other language) needed are: (A) An index to most of the institutions in the E.U. Choose link "Institutions and bodies" (under "About the EU"); (B) An index to most of the E.U. sub-webpages that in turn provide access to E.U. documents. Choose link "Publications and documents".
Language tools on the European Union website can be found at "Translation and Drafting Resources".
The legal order for several Member States of the European Union (English version).
The new 2.0 IPEX for Lisbon Treaty was launched 28 June 2011.
Blending sections "Documents", "National Parliaments and the European Parliament","Calendar" and "EU Speaker´s Conference", IPEX is a tool for anyone interested in following the National parliaments at work, exchanging information and effectively applying the provisions of the Treaty of Lisbon.
See further: How to use IPEX and the IPEX Manual.
In the E.U. website-system choose link "Publications and documents" (in English).
The two main E.U.-treaties' versions are published in Official Journal (click blue headings below to get to respective index-websites):
C321 E, 29.12.2006 p. 5-36
C306, 17.12.2007 p. 10-41
C115, 9.5.2008 p. 13-45
C321 E, 29.12.2006 p. 37-186
C306, 17.12.2007 p. 42-133
C115, 9.5.2008 p. 47-199
TEC / TFEU
C321 E, 29.12.2006 p. 187-331
C306, 17.12.2007 p. 134-271
C115, 9.5.2008 p. 201-388
To compare with previous treaties use: Renumbering/equivalences tables of E.U. Treaties (from Appendix 4 in 2nd edition).
European Commission: Your Guide to the Lisbon Treaty (European Communities, 2009).
"Reader's information" is intended as a documentation tool.
We made a guide "9.6A. Practical Info Research Example" for where and how to find preparatory information to E.U. legislation.
Free download The Lisbon Treaty - The Readable Version (3. ed)(Denmark: Foundation for EU Democracy, 2009 - ISBN: 87-87692-72-4).
Common European Procedural Law by Erik Werlauf (in English)(320 pages)(Copenhagen: DJOEF Publishing, 1999 - ISBN 978-87-574-7106-9)
The European Union Law website at gives full text the OJ L and C series, treaties (primary sources), case-law, legislation (preparatory and in force), parliamentary questions and documents of public interest. A CELEX database was closed by the end of 2006 and the information transferred to EUR-lex.
EUR-Lex at allows the following search:
- General search by:
- Search terms
- Date or time Span
- Classification headings
- Search by file category:
- Preparatory acts
- Parliamentary questions
- Search by document number:
- Natural number
- Celex number (CELEX database was closed by the end of 2006 and the information transferred to EUR-lex). On CELEX-numbering, see book section 9.4., p. 316.
- Consolidated text
- Search by publication reference:
- Official Journal (O.J.)
- European Court Report (E.C.R.)
The EUR-lex Guidelines for good results in Search by Official Journal publication reference is as follows:
- The year field takes 4 characters; the month and day fields take 2 (Example: Year 1999 Month 09 Day 12).
- Always enter the year (Month and day fields are optional).
- To get the annexes to the OJ C series, enter A or E after the OJ number (Example: select the C series, then enter 123A to get an OJ with the reference C 123 A).
- The Supplement S to the OJ (calls for tenders) is published in the TED database (choose English in right upper box).
The Official Journal or gazette (O.J.; seldom OJE), published daily in 23 languages, is divided into the following four parts:
- L - Agreed legislation (the most important part of the O.J.
- C - Proposed legislation, notes of ECJ judgments, information notices from the EC, Europa Parliament resolutions, questions and answers. The contents of this series varies do to considered public interest. The documents included in the C series are partly published only electronically.
- S - The Supplement S to the OJ (calls for tenders) is published in the TED database (Tenders Electronic Daily), which is the Supplement to the Official Journal of the European Union. It contains all active notices published in the Supplement to the Official Journal (OJ S), including invitation to tender for public contracts.
- Annex - Debates of the EP.
Note: that not all pages exists in the online version of the Official
Journal, but only in the hardcover printed volumes. The L and C series were
introduced in 1968, before which year there was a single series. Some databases
used the letters B or P to distinguish this single series from series L and C.
The letters B and P do not form part of the official publication
In EUR-Lex search: To get the annexes to the OJ C series, enter A or E after the OJ number. Example: select the C series, then enter 123A to get an OJ with the reference C 123 A.
The website for E.U. treaties..
Note: When reading texts of the treaties and court judgments, pre and post the Amsterdam Treaty, bear in mind the following (see also "Renumbering/equivalences tables of E.U. Treaties" (from Appendix 4 in book's 2nd edition)):
- In the text of the Treaty on European Union in 1992:
- Provisions were identified by the letters A-S
- The numbers were preserved for the other three Treaties.
- In the Treaty of Amsterdam (Explanatory Texts to the
- EC Treaty renumbered from start to finish to eliminate awkward numerical oddities (e.g. Article 104b and 130t)
- Switch from letters to numbers in the EU Treaty.
- Explanatory Texts to the Nice Treaty.
- The Lisbon Treaty A comprehensive guide with a search-feature. See further above under section 9.3.
At book's pages 305-309 are given overview of which previous treaties the two now working treaties consist of. At same pages are given a historic list of main events/treaties.
- Community legislation in force can be found:
- Consolidated Community Legislation (unofficial versions).
Publication of European Court decisions (note: European Court Reports (ECR) is the authoritative texts of ECJ opinions and judgments) are amongst other available from:
Caselaw in EUR-Lex:
- by date.
- by number.
- by instituion.
- by subject matter.
- by digest of case-law relating to Community law.
- by parties.
Caselaw in CVRIA where there exists several types of indexes:
- Search a case (since 17 June 1997)[Earlier caselaw is availale on EUR-LEx].
- case number
- names of the parties
- document type
access to the case-law. Access to the case-law by case number makes it
possible to find information relating to every case brought before the Court of
Justice, the Court of First Instance or the Civil Service Tribunal between 1953
and the present day. Cases are listed by number in the order in which they were
lodged at the relevant Registry. Cases may also be located by party names using
the "find (Ctrl+F)" function on the toolbar. Cases may be consulted by clicking
on the case number.
- The texts of judgments and orders in cases lodged up to and including 1997 which have been published in the European Court Reports may be consulted by clicking on the case number and following the link to EUR-Lex, the interinstitutional database.
- Cases lodged since 1998 may be consulted by clicking on the case number and following that link to all the texts relating to the case in question which are contained in the case-law database of this site.
- Cases lodged before the Court of Justice: from 1953 to 1988; and since 1989
- Cases lodged before the Court of First Instance: since 1989
- Cases lodged before the Civil Service Tribunal : since 2005
- Digest of
Community case-law - The Répertoire de jurisprudence communautaire
(only in French) at . It is a systematic collection of the summaries of the
judgments and orders of the Court of Justice and of the Court of First Instance
of the European Communities and the Civil Service Tribunal of the European
Union delivered since their inception, presented following a layout subdivided
into seven parts:
- the Community legal order
- the European Community (EC)
- the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC/CS)
- the European Atomic Energy Community (EAEC/AE)
- the Brussels Convention
- the European Civil Service
- the European Union (EU)
- Alphabetical Table of Subject-matter - The Table alphabétique des matières (only in French) at . It lists the legal questions dealt with in the decisions of the Court of Justice and the Court of First Instance of the European Communities and the Civil Service Tribunal of the European Union and in the Opinions of the Advocates General, presented in alphabetical order.
de References des Notes de Doctrine - The Notes de doctrine aux
arrêts gives the references to published legal literature relating to the
judgments of the Court of Justice and of the Court of First Instance of the
European Communities and the Civil Service Tribunal of the European Union (only
in French). Index by case number to all Court reports, including details of
case notes in legal journals.
- Vol. 1 : 1954 - 1988
- Vol. 2 : 1989 - 2004
- Vol. 3 : 2005 - …
The Parliament's site Archives of the Activities allows the following search:
- Motions for resolutions
- Texts adopted
- Parliament positions
- Joint texts
- Parliamentary questions
- Written declarations
- Committees: Amongst other document search.
- Delegations: Amongst other document search.
- Search in parliamentary questions (since 1994/99). Search by Member's name, political group, Member State of origin, question number, Official Journal number, institution to which the question is addressed, or keyword(s) in title or text.
- Bulletins or alternative. Presentation of the current work of Parliament and its bodies: appears monthly (except in August). A special edition is produced immediately after an EU summit, containing both the EP President's address to the European Council and the Presidency Conclusions.
- Rules of Procedure of the European Parliament with Index.
- Public register of the European Parliament.
- Legislative Observatory (OEIL): European Parliament data base.
The Registers of Commission Documents (only documents produced since 1 January 2001)helps to identify categories of document, related to various activities of the Commission, namely:
- Green papers are discussion papers published by the Commission on a specific policy area. In some cases they provide an impetus for subsequent legislation.
- White Papers are documents containing proposals for Community action in a specific area. They sometimes follow a green paper. White papers contain an official set of proposals in specific policy areas and are used as vehicles for their development.
- Commission meeting
- Work programme
- Register of
COM, SEC and C documents:
- COM documents: proposed legislation and other Commission communications to the Council and/or the other institutions, and their preparatory papers;
- SEC documents: internal documents associated with the decision-making process and the general operation of Commission departments;
- C documents: legal acts adopted by the Commission in the exercise of its own or delegated powers.
- Application of Community law.
This register supplements the PreLex database of interinstitutional procedures, which can be used to search for documents produced by the institutions in drafting Community legislation.
The register of the Council of the European Union ("Consilium") has a
screen. The register contains references for documents produced by the
Council since 1 January 1999.
See also index-website and an alternative.
Website for the European Council, which by the Lisbon Treaty has become an officicial institution of the E.U.
Information from "The President of the European Council", which is elected for 2 1/2 years and who may not hold a national office. [To be distinguished from the President of the Council of the European Union - and the President of the Council of Europe (an international organization)].
List over other "Presidents"-positions in the European Union is given in book section 9.2.5.
Following the entry into force of the Treaty of Lisbon, the European Council appointed a "High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy." At the same time ex officio Vice-President of the European Commission, whereby ensuring consistency and coordination of the European Union's external action.
Further explanation here.
The High Representative is assisted by the European External Action Service (EEAS).
Search website for reports, draft recommendations and decisions.
- Statistic from Eurostat.
- SCADplus contains summaries of legislation. - Here is clear and concise summaries of EU legislation in all policy areas. Simply click on the subject of choice and access user-friendly explanations of legislation concerning that subject.
Commission Library Catalogue. - Provides bibliographical references for
publications, but no document delivery or copy service.
- The European
Union's publisher - Site of the official publications office of the EU.
- The Citizens Signpost Service CSS. - Aimed at EU citizens who encounter problems with mobility in the European Internal Market. It has an advisory service, which gives guidance and practical advice to citizens on specific problems they encounter in the EU and its Internal Market. The service is free. Replies are given by phone or e-mail in the language requested by the citizen (one of the 23 official languages).
- European Union Delegation to the USA.
Council Regulation No 44/2001 of 22 December 2000 on
jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and
commercial matters (Into force March 1st 2002), Official Journal L 012,
16/01/2001 P. 0001 0023.
Joined declaration issued by the European Parliament and Commission at the time the Regulation was passed - Statement on Articles 15 and 73.
Denmark repealed its reservation on the E.U. Regulation 44/2001 after Denmark and the E.U. has made a so-called parallel treaty that makes the rules of the E.U. Regulation 44/2001 of 22/12 2000 to be used between Denmark and the other E.U. Member States, see Council Decision 2005/790/EC of 20 September 2005 on the signing, on behalf of the Community, O.J. L 299, 16/11/2005 p. 0061-069, and the Agreement between the European Community and the Kingdom of Denmark on jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters, O.J. L 299, 16/11/2005, p. 0062-0070.
The vital reports related to the Brussels Convention, the Lugano Convention and the E.U. Regulation 44/2001 of 22/12 2000 on jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcements in civil and commercial matters are (they does not appear in the online version of the Official Journal):
- Jenard Report no. 1 (1979), O.J. C59, 5/3/1979, p. 0001-0065.
- Jenard Report no. 2 (1979), O.J. C59, 5/3/1979, p. 0066-70.
- Schlosser Report (1978)O.J. C59, 5/3/1979, p. 0071-0151.
- Jenard-Möller Report (1990), O.J. C 198, 28/7/1990, p. 0057-00122.
Webmasters: J. Paul Lomio & Henrik Spang-Hanssen & George D. Wilson